Winter Wheat Production Up 7 Percent

Wheat field ( Charles Johnson )
USDA Release:

Winter wheat production is forecast at 1.27 billion bushels, up 7 percent 
from 2018. As of May 1, the United States yield is forecast at 50.3 bushels 
per acre, up 2.4 bushels from last year's average yield of 47.9 bushels per 
acre.

Hard Red Winter production, at 780 million bushels, is up 18 percent from a 
year ago. Soft Red Winter, at 265 million bushels, is down 7 percent from 
2018. White Winter, at 224 million bushels, is down 5 percent from last year. 
Of the White Winter production, 22.3 million bushels are Hard White and 
201 million bushels are Soft White.

The United States all orange forecast for the 2018-2019 season is 
5.30 million tons, down 3 percent from last month but up 35 percent from the 
2017-2018 final utilization. The Florida all orange forecast, at 
72.4 million boxes (3.26 million tons), is down 5 percent from last month but 
up 61 percent from last season's final utilization. Early, midseason, and 
Navel varieties in Florida are forecast at 30.4 million boxes 
(1.37 million tons), down slightly from last month but up 60 percent from 
last season's final utilization. The Florida Valencia orange forecast, at 
42.0 million boxes (1.89 million tons), is down 9 percent from last month but 
up 61 percent from last season's final utilization. The California and Texas 
orange production forecasts were carried forward from the previous month.

This report was approved on May 10, 2019.

Secretary of Agriculture
Designate
Robert Johansson

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons
Winter Wheat Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018 and Forecasted May 1, 2019
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   Area harvested    : Yield per acre  :     Production      
       State       :-------------------------------------------------------------
                   :   2018   :   2019   :  2018  :  2019  :   2018   :   2019   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   :  -- 1,000 acres --     -- bushels --   --- 1,000 bushels -- 
                   :                                                             
Arkansas ..........:      95         60     55.0     61.0       5,225      3,660 
California ........:     110        120     77.0     72.0       8,470      8,640 
Colorado ..........:   1,950      2,150     36.0     41.0      70,200     88,150 
Idaho .............:     680        690     90.0     87.0      61,200     60,030 
Illinois ..........:     560        560     66.0     67.0      36,960     37,520 
Indiana ...........:     260        260     71.0     73.0      18,460     18,980 
Kansas ............:   7,300      6,600     38.0     49.0     277,400    323,400 
Kentucky ..........:     300        340     66.0     75.0      19,800     25,500 
Maryland ..........:     200        165     63.0     67.0      12,600     11,055 
Michigan ..........:     470        520     76.0     76.0      35,720     39,520 
                   :                                                             
Mississippi .......:      30         20     49.0     55.0       1,470      1,100 
Missouri ..........:     520        470     59.0     61.0      30,680     28,670 
Montana ...........:   1,570      1,750     50.0     43.0      78,500     75,250 
Nebraska ..........:   1,010      1,000     49.0     50.0      49,490     50,000 
North Carolina ....:     370        225     57.0     54.0      21,090     12,150 
North Dakota ......:      70         75     43.0     46.0       3,010      3,450 
Ohio ..............:     450        420     75.0     69.0      33,750     28,980 
Oklahoma ..........:   2,500      3,000     28.0     35.0      70,000    105,000 
Oregon ............:     695        710     67.0     58.0      46,565     41,180 
South Dakota ......:     660        720     48.0     54.0      31,680     38,880 
                   :                                                             
Tennessee .........:     285        225     65.0     65.0      18,525     14,625 
Texas .............:   1,750      2,350     32.0     33.0      56,000     77,550 
Virginia ..........:     155        115     60.0     62.0       9,300      7,130 
Washington ........:   1,650      1,650     76.0     68.0     125,400    112,200 
Wisconsin .........:     200        170     71.0     71.0      14,200     12,070 
                   :                                                             
Other States 1/ ...:     902        849     53.5     51.6      48,244     43,771 
                   :                                                             
United States .....:  24,742     25,214     47.9     50.3   1,183,939  1,268,461 

 



Cotton Area Planted, Harvested, and Yield by Type - States and United States:
2017 and 2018
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :     Area planted      :    Area harvested     :   Yield per acre    
  Type and State :---------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :   2017    :   2018    :   2017    :   2018    :   2017   :   2018   
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : ---------------- 1,000 acres ---------------     ---- pounds ----   
                 :                                                                     
Upland           :                                                                     
Alabama .........:    435.0       510.0       430.0       497.0       902        858   
Arizona .........:    160.0       160.0       159.0       159.0     1,464      1,319   
Arkansas ........:    445.0       485.0       438.0       480.0     1,177      1,133   
California ......:     88.0        48.0        87.0        47.0     1,297      1,910   
Florida .........:     99.0       117.0        98.0        93.0       759        532   
Georgia .........:  1,280.0     1,430.0     1,270.0     1,305.0       841        719   
Kansas ..........:     93.0       165.0        90.0       152.0     1,051      1,077   
Louisiana .......:    220.0       195.0       217.0       189.0       894      1,067   
Mississippi .....:    630.0       620.0       625.0       615.0     1,038      1,141   
Missouri ........:    305.0       325.0       297.0       322.0     1,212      1,373   
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     66.0        77.0        46.0        56.0     1,179        977   
North Carolina ..:    375.0       430.0       367.0       415.0       969        812   
Oklahoma ........:    590.0       780.0       555.0       550.0       882        595   
South Carolina ..:    250.0       300.0       248.0       275.0       912        733   
Tennessee .......:    345.0       360.0       340.0       355.0     1,033      1,041   
Texas ...........:  7,000.0     7,750.0     5,500.0     4,350.0       809        756   
Virginia ........:     84.0        98.0        83.0        97.0     1,110        896   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 12,465.0    13,850.0    10,850.0     9,957.0       895        847   
                 :                                                                     
American Pima    :                                                                     
Arizona .........:     15.0        14.5        15.0        14.5       966        943   
California ......:    216.0       211.0       215.0       210.0     1,407      1,662   
New Mexico ......:      7.5         6.8         7.4         6.8       863        812   
Texas ...........:     14.0        18.0        13.0        17.5       960        933   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...:    252.5       250.3       250.4       248.8     1,341      1,545   
                 :                                                                     
All              :                                                                     
Alabama .........:    435.0       510.0       430.0       497.0       902        858   
Arizona .........:    175.0       174.5       174.0       173.5     1,421      1,288   
Arkansas ........:    445.0       485.0       438.0       480.0     1,177      1,133   
California ......:    304.0       259.0       302.0       257.0     1,375      1,707   
Florida .........:     99.0       117.0        98.0        93.0       759        532   
Georgia .........:  1,280.0     1,430.0     1,270.0     1,305.0       841        719   
Kansas ..........:     93.0       165.0        90.0       152.0     1,051      1,077   
Louisiana .......:    220.0       195.0       217.0       189.0       894      1,067   
Mississippi .....:    630.0       620.0       625.0       615.0     1,038      1,141   
Missouri ........:    305.0       325.0       297.0       322.0     1,212      1,373   
                 :                                                                     
New Mexico ......:     73.5        83.8        53.4        62.8     1,135        959   
North Carolina ..:    375.0       430.0       367.0       415.0       969        812   
Oklahoma ........:    590.0       780.0       555.0       550.0       882        595   
South Carolina ..:    250.0       300.0       248.0       275.0       912        733   
Tennessee .......:    345.0       360.0       340.0       355.0     1,033      1,041   
Texas ...........:  7,014.0     7,768.0     5,513.0     4,367.5       809        757   
Virginia ........:     84.0        98.0        83.0        97.0     1,110        896   
                 :                                                                     
United States ...: 12,717.5    14,100.3    11,100.4    10,205.8       905        864   
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