USDA Raises Corn Yield Projection, Lowers Corn, Soy Crop Estimates

USDA Crop Report ( USDA )
Crop Production

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released October 10, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of
Agriculture (USDA).

Special Note

All forecasts in this report are based on conditions as of October 1, 2019 and assume normal weather for the remainder of the growing season. Data were not adjusted to account for any potential departures from normal between now and harvest.

As is done every year in October, planted and harvested acreage estimates were reviewed for corn, sorghum, soybeans, sunflower, canola, sugarbeets, and dry edible beans and updated as needed based on all available data, including the latest certified acreage data from the Farm Service Agency (FSA). All States in the estimating program for these crops were subject to review and updating. Detailed estimates can be found on pages 6, 9, 11, 14, 17, 22, and 23.


Corn Production Down Less Than 1 Percent from September Forecast
Soybean Production Down 2 Percent
Cotton Production Down 1 Percent
Orange Production Virtually Unchanged from Last Season

Corn production for grain is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down less than
1 percent from the previous forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Based
on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 168.4 bushels
per harvested acre, up 0.2 bushel from the previous forecast but down
8.0 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 81.8 million
acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous forecast but up slightly
from 2018. Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough
review of all available data.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.55 billion bushels, down
2 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last year.
Based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average
46.9 bushels per acre, down 1.0 bushel from the previous forecast and down
3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans in the United States is
forecast at 75.6 million acres, down less than 1 percent from the previous
forecast and down 14 percent from 2018. Acreage updates were made in several
States based on a thorough review of all available data.

All cotton production is forecast at 21.7 million 480-pound bales, down
1 percent from the previous forecast, but up 18 percent from 2018. Based on
conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 833 pounds per
harvested acre, down 6 pounds from the previous forecast and down 31 pounds
from 2018. Upland cotton production is forecast at 21.0 million 480-pound
bales, down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 19 percent from 2018.
Pima cotton production is forecast at 724,000 bales, up 1 percent from the
previous forecast but down 10 percent from 2018. All cotton area harvested is
forecast at 12.5 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast, but up
23 percent from 2018.
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