Update on the world's 15 largest seed banks

There are roughly 100,000 global plant varieties endangered in the world. Extreme weather events, over-exploitation of ecosystems, habitat loss, and a lack of public awareness threaten future plant biodiversity. Conservation techniques, such as the creation of seed banks and seed exchanges among farmers, gardeners, and even nations, play an important role in preserving ancient, heirloom varieties of important food crops.

Saving seeds doesn't only help improve agricultural biodiversity, but helps farmers and researchers find varieties of crops that grow better in different regions, especially as the impacts of climate change become evident. Many farmers groups, non-profits, and governments are conserving crops in their own communities-there are currently more than 1,000 known seed banks, collaboratives, and exchanges around the world.

The Science &; Environmental Health Network (SEHN) has been spearheading work on the Rights of Future Generations for the last decade. Future Generation Guardianship is the right and obligation of all people to protect the commonwealth of Earth-and one another-for the prosperity of Future Generations. SEHN's dedication and public advocacy to find legal channels for the application of Future Generation Guardianship provides the framework for preserving biodiversity for centuries to come.

Food Tank is honored to collaborate with SEHN by highlighting these 15 important seed-saving projects across the globe that are helping preserve global agricultural biodiversity for Future Generations.

Many of these seed banks are nonprofit organizations, but we would greatly appreciate your recommendations of other public and state-owned banks in the comments. Many public seed banks are in danger of sale, contamination, and other threats. Because they are such a valuable part of the Commonwealth, the public needs to be aware of these assets so that they can work to protect the inheritance of Future Generations.

1. AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center
AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center is a nonprofit organization dedicated to alleviating poverty and improving nutrition through extensive research and outreach. AVRDC aims to improve the livelihoods of poor rural and urban households through the cultivation of more efficient vegetable varieties combined with effective production methods.

Headquartered in Shanhua, Tainan City in southern Taiwan, AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center now has over 300 staff members throughout Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America, and Oceania. One of AVRDC's primary programs includes collecting, conserving, and distributing germplasms, samples of tissue from plants.

Now the world's largest public vegetable germplasm collection, the AVRDC Genebank holds more than 59,500 different germplasms from 156 countries. The AVRDC Vegetable Genetic Resources Information System (AVGRIS) is a database containing information about the germplasm collections.

2. Camino Verde
Camino Verde is a nonprofit with locations in Concord, Massachusetts and Puerto Maldonado, Peru. Camino Verde's mission is to plant trees and encourage future planting through educational programs and public awareness.

The initiative's Living Seed Bank is a botanical garden with more than 250 tree species, and it protects endangered varieties and provides an arena for further research into multi-species agroforestry systems. Camino Verde has planted some 70 different varieties of fruit trees, 40 flowering species, and enough trees to cover seven hectares of land.

3. Great Lakes Bioneers Chicago (GLBC) Seed Saving Initiative
The Great Lakes Bioneers Chicago Seed Saving Initiative was created in 2012 out of the Chicago Bioneers Conference, where Vandana Shiva challenged audience members to begin their own local seed saving projects. The GLBC mission states that "this project is to honor and elevate the work of seed saving for the purposes of protecting and expanding the non-GMO native and edible seed saving projects."

The initiative aims to expand by holding local and regional events to bring seed savers together to exchange and store regional varieties.

4. Hawai'i Public Seed Initiative
The Hawai'i Public Seed Initiative (HPSI), created by The Kohala Center and funded by the Ceres Trust, assists Hawaiian farmers by holding workshops to educate them about storing and improving their seed varieties. HPSI also organizes seed exchange events, bringing farmers together to trade varieties from different parts of Hawai'i. HPSI's goal is to build knowledge of seeds through improved communication and information, and to preserve the diversity of home gardens.

5. International Center for Tropical Agriculture
The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), a member of CGIAR, is dedicated to "reduc[ing] hunger and poverty, and improv[ing] human health in the tropics through research aimed at increasing the eco-efficiency of agriculture."

Headquartered in western Colombia, CIAT's high quality research focuses on developing techniques, technologies, and methods to enhance eco-efficiency in agriculture primarily for small farmers. CIAT conducts crop research with its extensive genebank, which holds 65,000 crop samples from all of CIAT's regional offices in Kenya, Vietnam, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

CIAT aims to alter legislation and supply information from their research on issues of climate change, farmers' market access, and gender equity.

6. Louisiana Native Plant Initiative
The Louisiana Natural Resources Conservation Service began the Louisiana Native Plant Initiative to collect seeds, preserve native varieties, increase flora abundance, and research plant materials for future re-vegetation projects. Louisiana is home to a plethora of endangered varieties of plants such as the longleaf pine, switchgrass, big bluestem, and partridge pea. The initiative has spearheaded several new conservation projects, combining public and private managers in order to release native plants for commercial production.

7. Man and the Biosphere Programme
Launched in 1971 under the supervision of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB Programme) aims to conserve biological resources by improving the relationship between humans and the environment. Today, with the help of the MAB Programme, there are 621 biosphere reserves categorized in 117 different countries. The MAB Programme utilizes international, regional, and sub-regional partnerships to increase their global intelligence work.

8. Millennium Seed Bank Partnership
The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership, started by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is the largest plant conservation project in the world. Since 2000, Kew's Millennium Seed Bank Partnership has saved 10 percent of the world's wild plant species at their location in Wakehurst, England. The seed bank has one billion seeds from 130 partnering countries.

Similar to other seed banks, each seed is duplicated and the replica remains in the home country of origin. Kew's long-term goal is to house seeds from 25 percent of the world's bankable plants by 2020. Researchers at the seed bank can test centuries-old plants for medicinal purposes, assess horticultural value, and produce more seeds to increase global biodiversity.

9. Native Seed / SEARCH
Native Seed / SEARCH (NS/S) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to seed conservation in the Southwest United States and Northwest Mexico. Based in Tucson, Arizona, NS/S has a state-of-the art conservation facility, 2,000 varieties of arid land-adapted seeds, and a reputation as a leader in heirloom conservation. Their seed bank currently houses varieties of traditional crops including corn, beans, and squash once used by the Apache, Havasupai, Hopi, Maricopa, Mayo, and many other tribes.

NS/S aims to maintain the genetic purity of these traditional, wild strands of crops. In order to conduct further research and education workshops, NS/S purchased a conservation farm in 1997 to continue to build public awareness about the importance of biodiversity.

10. Navdanya
Navdanya is a research-based initiative founded by Dr. Vandana Shiva, a world-renowned scientist and environmentalist. Navdanya, meaning "nine seeds" in Hindi, saves endangered seed varieties through its seed vault, and provides support for local farmers. They also conduct research on sustainable farming practices at their own organic farm in Uttarakhand, North India.

Navdanya has collected roughly 5,000 crop varieties, primarily staples such as rice, wheat, millet, kidney beans, and medicinal plants. Navdanya's outreach program has established 111 additional seed banks in 17 Indian states. Navdanya has also created a learning center, Bija Vidyapeeth in Doon Valley, Uttarakhand. Bija Vidyapeeth offers courses on biodiversity protection, agroecological practices, water conservation, and more.

11. New York City Native Plant Conservation Initiative
In 2008, the New York City Department of Parks &; Recreation (DPR), in partnership with the Brooklyn Botanic Garden (BBG), started the New York City Native Plant Conservation Initiative to promote and conserve diverse native plant species. Launched with 34 endangered species, the initiative hopes to preserve New York City's biodiversity and generate awareness surrounding the conservation of urban plant varieties.

DPR and BBG use their research on endangered plants to create new management strategies in the interest of promoting future biodiversity in the city. Additionally, the New York City Native Plant Conservation Initiative has a list of all native plant species in the city, which is used to develop seed transfer zones without diminishing the genetic fitness of the native plants.

12. The NSW Seedbank
The NSW Seedbank began in 1986 as an initiative to collect wild seeds for the Australian Botanic Garden in Mount Annan. Over the last three decades, the seed bank has grown to save and preserve Australian native and threatened plant species.

After a major upgrade in 1999 and creating a partnership with the Millennium Seed Bank in 2003, the NSW Seedbank launched a range of horticultural research projects in their on-site laboratory. NSW Seedbank now documents 600 threatened plant species and 81 threatened ecological communities.

13. Seed Savers Exchange
Seed Savers Exchange (SSE) is a non-profit organization dedicated to saving and sharing heirloom seeds. SSE's mission is to "conserve and promote America's culturally diverse but endangered food crop heritage for Future Generations by collecting, growing, and sharing heirloom seeds and plants."

Headquartered in Decorah, Iowa, Seed Savers Exchange began in 1975 and its seed bank is now one of the largest in North America. Individuals and organizations become members of the seed bank and SSE facilitates communication and exchange of seeds among members.

Aside from their primary seed bank location at Heritage Farm in Decorah, SSE also maintains seed banks at the National Center for Genetic Resources Preservation in Fort Collins, Colorado and at the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway. SSE also offers services to nonmembers through the sale of more than 600 heirloom varieties.

14. Slow Food International
Slow Food International is a movement that began in the mid-1980s to give individuals an alternative to fast food and fast lives. Slow Food International believes in "neo-gastronomy," or the recognition of the strong connections between plate, planet, people, and culture, and has more than 100,000 members in 150 countries.

The Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity was created in 2003 as a subcategory of their Terra Madre initiative to increase and preserve food biodiversity. The Foundation's Ark of Taste program collects regionally and culturally significant food products to catalogue and promote their global consumption.

Their goal is to preserve history and traditions relating to food products around the world. So far, 1,200 products have been catalogued internationally, including the Pampin Mamey Sapote, native to Central America. Many national and local Slow Food organizations have begun their own seed saving initiatives to preserve heirloom varieties.

15. Svalbard Global Seed Vault
CGIAR and conservationist Cary Fowler founded the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in 2008. The vault, also known as the "doomsday vault," rests more than 1,100 kilometers south of the North Pole. Seeds are stored in permafrost conditions, approximately -18 degrees Celsius, to ensure preservation. The Svalbard Global Seed Vault acts as a sort of insurance policy for other seed banks around the world, only accessing the seeds if the original is destroyed.

The Seed Vault can hold up to 2.25 billion seeds in total, equaling 500 seeds of some 4.5 million crop varieties. Priority for space in the vault is given to seeds that can ensure food production and sustainable agriculture, and the collection is primarily composed of seeds from developing countries. The seed vault is managed by the Norwegian government, the Global Crop Diversity Trust, and the Nordic Genetic Resource Center.

Comments

Restricted HTML

  • Allowed HTML tags: <a href hreflang> <em> <strong> <cite> <blockquote cite> <code> <ul type> <ol start type> <li> <dl> <dt> <dd> <h2 id> <h3 id> <h4 id> <h5 id> <h6 id>
  • Lines and paragraphs break automatically.
  • Web page addresses and email addresses turn into links automatically.
Submitted by pooja on Sat, 06/02/2018 - 09:23

In reply to by rohit (not verified)

Submitted by henry on Wed, 02/28/2018 - 11:17

I simply want to tell you that I am new to weblog and definitely liked this blog site.
I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea.ROS PC

Submitted by anudeep bhukya on Mon, 03/26/2018 - 09:03

I simply wanted to write down a quick word to say thanks to you for those wonderful tips and hints you are showing on this site.

android training in bangalore

Submitted by Disinilah on Sat, 03/31/2018 - 10:23

The NSW Seedbank began in 1986 as an initiative to collect wild seeds for the Australian Botanic Garden in Mount Annan. Over the last three decades, the seed bank has grown to save and preserve Australian native and threatened plant species, Bible SEO.

Submitted by Bawor on Sun, 04/01/2018 - 11:39

Food Tank is honored to collaborate with SEHN by highlighting these 15 important seed-saving projects across the globe jual bibit durian bawor that are helping preserve global agricultural bibit durian biodiversity for Future Generations.

Submitted by pioneerseo431 on Mon, 04/09/2018 - 04:14

What a truly magnificent post this is. Genuinely, outstanding amongst other presents I've ever seen on find in as long as I can remember. Amazing, simply keep it up. Stephen Pierce

Submitted by pioneerseo on Wed, 04/11/2018 - 07:01

How about making more on this topic soon? I really enjoyed it and found it helpful. pink diamond engagement ring

Submitted by Jennings on Sat, 04/14/2018 - 03:24

Thank you so much for the details. These are helpful to grow more trees. This is very useful for all the farming enthusiasts. Try the movie hd apk for your android mobiles. You can watch hd movies with the latest apk version. It is easy to download the moviehd apk file. Here is source to new movie hd apk download 2018 version on pc or android. Install the films apk and enjoy. These Seed banks were mentioned in some movies also. So, I request to make use of these banks to get benefits. Thank you for putting great efforts to find this information. Happy farming!

Submitted by Linker SEO on Sat, 04/14/2018 - 12:18

Plastic Recycling Company in Cape Town. Experts in manufacturing of plastic pellets: ldpe recycling, Mix Plastic, clear plastic, consol plastic, wrap plastic, waste plastic recycling services in South Africa. plastic recycling

Submitted by Linker SEO on Sun, 04/15/2018 - 08:39

We promote cryptocurrency with cost-effective digital marketing services for blockchain companies that are running in pre and post ICO. The result of those services is regarded more to community engagement, subscribers, downloads and investors. ico telegram

Submitted by Linker SEO on Fri, 04/20/2018 - 15:24

I am checking for and I have to post a remark that "The substance of your post is excellent" Great work! fragrances

Submitted by Faheem on Sun, 04/22/2018 - 00:31

Initial You got a awesome blog .I determination be involved in plus uniform minutes. i view you got truly very functional matters , i determination be always checking your blog blesss. Google Bewertungen kaufen

Submitted by Faheem on Tue, 04/24/2018 - 07:45

Thanks for writing such a good article, I stumbled onto your blog and read a few post. I like your style of writing... laundromat near me

Submitted by Teena Labeen Parmer on Fri, 04/27/2018 - 01:09
Submitted by Peter Marciniak on Thu, 05/03/2018 - 20:52

Do you store genetically modified seeds, that can grow in Low Light Levels and Light Rain Conditions while still being resistant Heavy Rain Conditions?

I ask this because in the event of a Nuclear War, they expect that it will cause enough dust in the atmosphere to block out most of the sunlight for up to ten years as well as a decrease in normal rainfall across the planet.

If your seeds can't be grown under these conditions, then the seed bank is pointless an of no use to anyone, because after 4 years with low light condition, 98% of the population of earth will have died, do to starvation an of course the war thing.

Submitted by Catalin George on Wed, 05/23/2018 - 07:41

Thanks for the information, Very useful.
xmodgames

Submitted by Tim Jones on Wed, 05/23/2018 - 07:49

Thanks for the information, Very useful xmodgames

Submitted by Kim on Thu, 05/24/2018 - 05:08

Hi. Awesome post, really informative!xmodgames

Submitted by aabnls on Sat, 06/02/2018 - 08:20

purple monkey desktop buddy
download here http://getbonzi.com
icloud removal http:// icloud-remover-tool.com
click here http://blockstrikepc.com
wifi password finder now http://wifi-passwordfinder.com
click here http://csgo-skinchanger.com
win 7 activator click here http://removewat-download
download now get it from here http://getbonzi.com
check here link http://getbonzi.com
download now http://removewat-download
cs go changer http://csgo-skinchanger.com
check it here now http://csgo-skinchanger.com
use this beast http://csgo-skinchanger.com
very good tool http://csgo-skinchanger.com
you will like it http://csgo-skinchanger.com
download now http://csgo-skinchanger.com
click here http://csgo-skinchanger.com
skin change http://csgo-skinchanger.com
free items cs http://csgo-skinchanger.com
wifi password finder now http://wifi-passwordfinder.com
wifi password tool http://wifi-passwordfinder.com
find wifi fast http://wifi-passwordfinder.com

Submitted by seo expert on Sun, 06/03/2018 - 08:33

The Milan Design brand aims to weave in design sensibilities and add a touch of elegance to create designs that suit every heart, every trend, every age and every occasion. Milan Design is one of the best sellers of Designer Wedding Sarees, Bridal Sarees, KanchipuramSarees and Wedding Sarees. Be a Milan Bride and make your special day unique. Bridal Sarees Online

In reply to by aabnls (not verified)

Submitted by jimmy on Mon, 06/04/2018 - 21:53

BLANK ATM TESTED AND TRUSTED

Hello are you a Student

A Business man / Woman

A Government Worker/ Private Sector

A Professor/Teacher

A Boy/Girl

A Graduate/illiterate

An Employed/Unemployed

You can become rich and happy if you can apply for a Blank ATM Card, with this card you can make 5000 Pounds,Dollars or Euro daily, I am currently in London and I am using this card daily to make 5000 Pounds,Dollars or Euro depending on your currency. I also make use of this card in the Supermarket and also to make Online purchases.

If you want to get this card then kindly contact the very famous hacker Mr Divine ( divinecardhacker@gmail.com ) and you will get your own card delivered to your door step and the agent will show you exactly how to operate the card.

One thing I also like about this card is because it is totally secured by the Hacker and you will not have any trouble when you to make use of this card and the ATM machine cannot read your transaction or take your pictures when you collect money with this card.

BLANK ATM TESTED AND TRUSTED

It is so sweet to have this card and I call this a Life Saver.

contact Him for your card : divinecardhacker@gmail.com or Phone : +18288270635

Regards

Submitted by Arianna on Sat, 06/09/2018 - 02:49

This stuff will prove so nice for my uncle and will be quite helpful as well. So I will share it with him after mine tour packages from los angeles.

Submitted by seo expert on Mon, 06/11/2018 - 12:32

Good to become visiting your weblog again, it has been months for me. Nicely this article that i've been waited for so long. I will need this post to total my assignment in the college, and it has exact same topic together with your write-up. Thanks, good share. Osabus

Submitted by Madelyn on Tue, 06/12/2018 - 09:58

I have been meaning to write something like this on my website and you have given me an idea framaroot.

Submitted by Arianna on Thu, 06/28/2018 - 00:17

This is quite massive stuff which y0u have shared with us. I get really nice knowledge by this and now will discuss this with others as well as will e back from my east coast bus tours from new york.

Submitted by Arianna on Mon, 07/09/2018 - 06:08

I will admire you on sharing this massive stuff. Now will talk about this with others too after mine west coast usa trips.

Submitted by Arianna on Fri, 07/13/2018 - 06:19

Well, this stuff is quite massive. I will discuss about this with my uncle who will surely interesting stuff for him by this article. so will talk about this with my uncle after getting back from my east coast tours from new york.