Challenges exist to winter wheat, timely spring planting
Wet weather across the State limited tillage and planting progress. There were 1.8 days suitable for fieldwork. The northern 3 districts and the west-central district had less than 1 day suitable for fieldwork. Topsoil moisture supply was 3 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 27 percent surplus. The northeast and west-central districts were rated 45 percent or more surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was 9 percent very short, 24 percent short, 62 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus. Spring tillage was 33 percent, compared to 69 percent last year, and the 5 year average (normal) of 39 percent. Corn planting was 8 percent complete, 13 days behind last year and 6 days behind normal. The southeast district was 44 percent planted. Corn emerged was 1 percent. Winter wheat condition was rated 1 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 62 percent good, and 13 percent excellent. Winter wheat heading was reported in the southeast district.
For the week ending of April 14, 2013, precipitation in the form of rain, snow and hail crossed the state with many locations receiving 1 to 3 inches of moisture. This boosted topsoil moisture supplies, but shut down spring fieldwork activities. Topsoil temperatures declined and were in the low 40’s in many eastern and southern counties. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 20 percent very short, 33 short, 45 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 55 percent very short, 38 short, 7 adequate, and 0 surplus. Wheat conditions rated 17 percent very poor, 33 poor, 38 fair, 12 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 3 percent, behind last year’s 34 and 10 average.
For the week ending April 14, 2013, a weekend blizzard dumped from 4 to 20 inches of heavy, wet snow across much of the state. This new snow will delay even further the start of fieldwork and may cause a higher likelihood of spring flooding. Spring planting is being delayed further by the continued winter like weather. Although moisture supplies improved, the 2013 planting progress continues to be well behind last year’s early progress and also behind the 5 year average. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 4 percent very short, 10 percent short, 69 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 28 percent short, 60 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.
Three days were suitable for field work in Ohio during the week ending April 14 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. With warmer than usual temperatures, some farmers were able to make progress on field work early in the week. Heavy precipitation from Wednesday on, especially in the northern parts of the State, helped increase soil moisture but halted field activities late in the week. The warmer weather, coupled with precipitation, improved wheat condition. Topsoil moisture is 50 percent adequate and 48 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is 63 percent adequate and 22 percent surplus. Winter wheat condition is 87 percent fair to good. One percent of the corn was planted in the past week, compared to 9 percent last year and 3 percent for the five year average.