The USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) May 6 Crop Progress report indicated that 32 percent of the winter wheat crop is rated good to excellent and 39 percent was rated poor to very poor. A year ago at this time, 63 percent of the winter wheat crop was rated good to excellent and 12 percent was rated poor to very poor. The principal reason the 2013 winter wheat crop conditions are worse this year than last year’s conditions is the lack of moisture from Texas to South Dakota on the Plains.
Conditions are poor in Texas and worse than a year ago. This year 74 percent of the Texas crop is rated poor to very poor, compared with 37 percent for the 2012 crop. Oklahoma is also worse. This year, 45 percent of the Oklahoma crop is rated poor to very poor, compared with only 4 percent for the 2012 crop.
The year-to-year decline in crop conditions for Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and South Dakota follow a similar pattern. Respectively, the shares of each State’s 2013 and 2012 crops that rated poor to very poor are: Kansas, 40 percent to 11 percent; Nebraska, 49 percent to 6 percent; Colorado, 56 percent to 12 percent; and South Dakota, 62 percent to 3 percent. For these six HRW-producing States, the average share of their 2013 winter wheat crops rated good to excellent is 14 percent compared with 61 percent last year for the comparable week.
The SRW-producing States are generally in good condition this year compared to the winter wheat crop in the Plains. The SRW-producing States 2013 crop averages 68 percent rated good to excellent and only 6 percent poor to very poor. Last year at this time, the average percent rated good to excellent for these States was 69 percent with 6 percent poor to very poor.
Conditions for the 2013 crop are also good in the Pacific Northwest (PNW). The three States in the PNW average 68 percent rated good to excellent and only 6 percent poor to very poor. Last year, these States averaged 84 percent good to excellent and 3 percent poor to very poor.