Soybean cyst nematode reproduction high in 2012
The amount of damage caused by the soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is determined, in large part, by the population densities or numbers of the nematode present in the field. More severe yield losses generally occur in fields with high SCN population densities compared to damage in fields with low or moderate numbers of SCN. Long-term, profitable soybean production in fields infested with SCN requires growing SCN-resistant soybeans and nonhost crops, such as corn, to keep nematode population densities in check.
click image to zoomFigure 1. Locations of the field experiments conducted by the Iowa State University SCN-resistant Soybean Variety Trial Program in 2012. Research assesses yields and nematode control of SCN-resistant varieties
Soybean checkoff funds from the Iowa Soybean Association support the Iowa State University SCN-resistant Soybean Variety Trial Program, the most extensive and longest-running program of its kind in the nation. Hundreds of SCN-resistant soybean varieties are studied for effects on SCN population densities and for yield at numerous locations throughout Iowa annually. Intensive soil sampling of every research plot at planting and again at harvest in all nine experiments (see Figure 1) reveals how SCN numbers change throughout the season.
The overall results of the nine 2012 Iowa State University SCN-resistant Soybean Variety Trial Program experiments will be compiled in a report distributed in the Jan. 19, 2013, issue of the Iowa Farmer Today. Results of individual variety trial experiments are currently posted online at www.isuscntrials.info.
Yields were good, but SCN reproduction on resistant soybeans was high in 2012
Yields of the SCN-resistant soybeans in the 2012 experiments were greater than expected, considering the dry growing season. An earlier ICM News article explained how damage due to SCN is greater in dry soils. The article also explains how there may be increased feeding of SCN on vascular tissue in dry years, leading to greater SCN reproduction, perhaps through better nutrition.
There were high levels of SCN reproduction on SCN-resistant and susceptible soybean varieties in the 2012 variety trial experiments. Normally, SCN may increase in numbers from three- to five-fold during the growing season on susceptible (non-resistant) plants and numbers generally stay the same or increase only slightly on SCN-resistant soybean varieties. In 2012, there were 10-fold or greater increases in SCN numbers on resistant soybeans and 25- to 30-fold or greater increases on susceptible soybeans in the variety trial experiments. It is not clear why dry soil conditions result in greater SCN reproduction than in soil with adequate or excess moisture. More research is needed to understand what is occurring.
Prospects for 2013
- Toro releases guide for using micro-sprinklers for IPM
- USDA to fund $25 million in value-added producer grants
- Crop futures mostly higher, livestock prices stabilizing
- Suppress Palmer pigweed with a ryegrass cover crop
- LSU researchers look for biological controls for aflatoxin
- U.S. soft red winter wheat hit hard by head scab
- Deere to lay off more than 600 at four U.S. plants
- The four pillars of seeing opportunities in problems
- Slow pace of rail recovery stirs fear of future woes
- New DuPont Afforia herbicide introduced for soybeans
- Cooperative exits retail and automotive business
- RTK brings higher level of accuracy to farmers
- No El Niño in 2014? Drought-weary California in trouble
- Suspected Bt corn rootworm resistance in Pennsylvania
- BioNitrogen to build second fertilizer plant in Texas
- Commentary: Setting the record straight on 'Waters of the U.S.'
- Soybean aphid numbers on the rise
- Solar energy jobs increase, wind power decrease