Planting and crop development have accelerated
Looking at the wheat crop, 54% is headed on a national basis, which compares to 24% at this time over the past 5 years. Some Cornbelt farmers may be cutting wheat before they finish planting row crops, when the maturity of the wheat is compared to planting progress. For example 84% of the MO wheat crop is headed, yet only 8% of MO beans and 75% of MO corn had been planted.
The wheat crop is in better shape than it was a year ago. This year 64% is good to excellent, with 26% of the crop in the fair category. Last year at this time, 25% of the crop was also fair, but 21% was poor, and only 34% was in the good to excellent category. Within the Cornbelt, IL reports 80% of its wheat is good to excellent. That is closely trailed by IN at 75% good to excellent, and 68% for MO.
Continuation of good weather nationally and across the Cornbelt have fostered good planting conditions, but varying weather has either accelerated or retarded planting progress in the past week. Soybean planting is underway in the Cornbelt, but is much more varied than corn, indicating some regions of sufficient moisture, and others with very dry soils that have caused planters to park. Wheat conditions are much better this year than last, and headed wheat has move the calendar much closer to harvest than would normally be the case.
Source: FarmGate blog