Source: Faegre & Benson

APHIS's decision on Roundup Ready alfalfa comes after years of regulation and litigation that worked its way all the way up to the Supreme Court. It began on April 16, 2004, when Monsanto Company and Forage Genetics International petitioned APHIS for a determination of non-regulated status of its RR alfalfa. In reviewing the petition, APHIS prepared an Environmental Assessment (EA) considering the potential risks the seed posed and the environmental impact its deregulation might have. Based on the EA, APHIS determined that the seed did not pose a significant environmental harm and on June 14, 2005, granted it non-regulated status.

A few months later, the Center for Food Safety and organic alfalfa growers filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California challenging APHIS's decision and seeking an injunction prohibiting further planting and harvesting of the seed. 

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