Glyphosate-resistant kochia confirmed in Neb.
Integrated Weed Management is Necessary to Manage Glyphosate Resistance in Kochia
In a multi-state university study conducted by Andrew Kniss (Wyoming), Phil Stahlman (Kansas), Robert Wilson (Nebraska), Phil Westra (Colorado) and Mike Moechnig (South Dakota), crop rotation and herbicide programs were evaluated for kochia control. Their findings showed that the crop was a significant contributor to biomass reduction in kochia. Both corn and soybean were able to significantly suppress biomass, regardless of herbicide management. Fallow areas and wheat were not as effective as either corn or soybean, and sugarbeet crops were completely ineffective at suppressing kochia.
In both corn and soybean, applying a PRE herbicide treatment with residual activity plus a POST treatment including something other than glyphosate was effective at suppressing kochia. POST applications of Clarity, Sharpen and Rage D-Tech all suppressed kochia greater than 80% in fallow, while Huskie, Starane NXT, and Agility SG all did the same in wheat.
In sugarbeet the three PRE treatments followed by POST treatments only provided 40-50% control of kochia. All PRE followed by POST treatments provided better kochia control than POST treatments of glyphosate alone. In sugarbeet the glyphosate alone treatment was most effective. This indicates that if sugarbeet is in the crop rotation, growers should not over-rely on glyphosate in other crops in order to make sure that glyphosate is as effective as possible on kochia in sugarbeet.
This study provides further evidence of the need for diversified weed control programs that include crop rotation, herbicide mode-of-action rotation, and the use of tank mixtures with multiple herbicides. Weed control failures are less likely to occur when multiple herbicide applications are made with PRE herbicides with residual activity. Whenever herbicides are applied, thoroughly scout prior to and following applications to assess herbicide performance in-season and help ensure satisfactory performance in the future.
Herbicide Control Options
There are numerous options for effective burndown, preemergence, and postemergence control of glyphosate-resistant kochia in corn (Table 1), soybean (Table 2), and other crops. click image to zoom
click image to zoom Refer to the 2012 Guide for Weed Management in Nebraska for detailed information. In soybeans, preemergence herbicides are most effective on kochia. Much like glyphosate-resistant marestail, postemergence options in soybeans are limited and would be unlikely to provide greater than 85% control of glyphosate-resistant kochia.