Pesticides or crop protection products, also known as agrochemicals, are products that preserve crops from pests, diseases and weeds. Any substance or mixture indented for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating a pest.
The market for pesticide can be broken down into two segments: synthetic pesticides and biopesticides. Based on kind of Pest control the pesticides market is segmented into herbicides, insecticides, fungicides and other pesticides that include nematicides, fumigants and other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, and other chemicals used as pesticides such as sulfur, oil, and sulfuric acid.
Supply - Demand Scenario:
The global volume market for pesticides is projected to reach 3.2 million tons by 2019, with a CAGR for volume growth being 6.1% between 2014 and 2020. The global value market for pesticides is projected to reach $81.13 billion by 2019, expected to register a CAGR of 6.9%.
Growth will be higher in the developing countries of South America (Brazil and Argentina, especially) and Asia. Mature markets, like the United States and the European Union, will also continue to attract a lot of sales. Growth will be driven by rising demand in all three market segments: agriculture, commercial, and consumer.
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Growth by End Use Industry:
The industry is in the mature phase of its life cycle because of its market acceptance and acquisition activity. The existence of clearly segmented product groups and user industries, and the fairly stable nature of industry products, brands and ownership are also indicative of the industry's mature phase.
Industry firms Bayer, Monsanto and DuPont have been continuous influential players, while the key buying markets continue to be farming industries and households.
Drivers vs. Constraints:
This growth is mainly driven by the increase in global population which is increasing the food demand. The increasing calorie intake per capita is also an additional factor for increasing food demand. Factors driving the markets for pesticides include decreasing arable land, increasing population and the requirement of improving crop yields. On the other hand, regulatory authorities such as EPA (Environment Protection Agency) frequently come up with stringent laws related to curbing pesticide use for alleviating environmental damage and increasing consumer awareness about pesticide consumption, which is expected to be instrumental in slowing down growth in demand for synthetic pesticides.
Industry Structure and Updates:
Despite being the largest market for Pesticides, demand growth in North America is likely to be the slowest, while Asia-Pacific is expected to emerge as the fastest growing market. According to estimates, US demand for formulated pesticide products is forecast to grow 2.6 % per year to $12.1 billion in 2016.
Over the same period, demand for active ingredients will increase by 1.4% per year to 945 million pounds, valued at $4.8 billion. India, China and Japan pesticide market revenue (collective) is expected to reach $16.2 billion by 2016, growing at a CAGR of 6.8% from 2011 to 2016.
Japan is expected to be the second largest pesticide market after China by 2016.
Governments in several countries have come up with initiatives aimed at promoting the development and use of Biopesticides because of their low toxicity, greater safety and higher effectiveness in controlling pests.
However, growth in the market has also been hampered due to the entrenched pesticides market, low per capita usage of pesticides in several regions, shrinking farm lands, and burgeoning research and development costs.
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