COLUMBUS, Ohio -- To put corn on the right track this growing season, focus on proven production practices such as timely planting, high-yielding hybrids and appropriate seeding rates, says an Ohio State University Extension agronomist.
"Follow proven production practices," said Peter Thomison, who also holds an appointment with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. "A major consideration is planting date. Aim to complete planting by May 10."
Any later than that, said Thomison, and growers could be looking at a yield hit. The recommended time for planting corn in northern Ohio is April 15 to May 10 and in southern Ohio, April 10 to May 10.
"If soil conditions are dry, growers can begin planting slightly before the optimum date, but avoid early planting on poorly drained soils or those prone to ponding," said Thomison. "Yield reductions resulting from 'mudding the seed in' may be much greater than those resulting from a slight planting delay."
Growers should also choose a high-yielding hybrid and look to those with pest and disease resistance.
"Plant hybrids that have produced consistently high yields across a number of locations or years. Also, select high-yielding Bt rootworm resistant hybrids when planting after corn or where the Western corn rootworm variant is present," said Thomison. "We know that the rootworm variant is spreading in Ohio."
Other tips for successful corn production include:
Corn is one of Ohio's most valuable field crop commodities. According to the Ohio Department of Agriculture, corn production contributes $2.1 billion to agriculture. Feed grain serves as a main component of corn production, but the crop has become an integral source for ethanol.
SOURCE: Ohio State University.