Indian buyers have started talking with potash suppliers on new import contracts, trying to settle them at a steep discount to last year's price, two industry officials told Reuters, as plentiful supplies gave purchasers new bargaining power.
Contracts signed by India and China are considered benchmarks in Asia, and are closely watched by other potash buyers such as in Malaysia and Indonesia.
India typically opens negotiations for imports of the key fertiliser ingredient in February, aiming to sign new contracts before the start of the next fiscal year on April 1.
However, India halted potash imports in February this year and delayed negotiations after successive droughts dented demand in one of the world's biggest fertilizer consumers.
"We are negotiating with suppliers. Hopefully negotiations will be over this week," a senior official with an Indian fertilizer company told Reuters over the phone from Moscow, where he was attending a conference.
"If negotiations fail this week, then suppliers could visit New Delhi in June to settle the new contract," he said.
Under the previous contract, India was buying potash at $332 a tonne on a cost and freight basis (CFR).
Indian buyers are seeking a steep reduction as global potash prices have fallen to their lowest in a decade, weakened by declining U.S. farmer incomes, falling currencies in consuming markets such as Brazil and bloated mining capacity.
"Miners have to accept the fact that it is an oversupplied market. They have to reduce prices to boost the consumption," said an official with a co-operative fertilizer company.
India's imports of potash could rise if the suppliers reduce prices as the monsoon is forecast to deliver surplus rainfall, the official said.
Monsoon rains in June-September deliver about 70 percent of the country's annual rainfall and sustain the half of India's farmlands which lack irrigation.
State-run Indian Potash Ltd, the country's biggest importer, cut retail prices of muriate of potash for farmers by 1,000 rupees ($15) per tonne to boost the consumption, said P.S. Gahlaut, managing director of the company.
India imported around 3 million tonnes of potash in the 2015/16 fiscal year that ended on March 31.
Major potash suppliers to India include Uralkali, Potash Corp of Saskatchewan , Agrium Inc, Mosaic, K+S, Arab PotashCo and Israel Chemicals.