Be alert for downy mildew, spider mites in watermelons

decrease font size  Resize text   increase font size       Printer-friendly version of this article Printer-friendly version of this article

Tucker Price, Cook County Extension Agent, has found a serious epidemic of downy mildew. This disease can be very devastating, can spread very rapidly and is typically worse on watermelon than other cucurbits.

Ranman and Zampro are the primary products recommended to reduce disease severity and spread. They need to be tank-mixed with mancozeb or chlorothalonil to increase efficacy and broaden the disease control spectrum.

Typically you see dark, almost black, angular lesions. Sometimes there will be some chlorosis surrounding those lesions, and many leaves will curl up on themselves and produce a “fiddlehead-shaped” leaf.

Mite Alert

We are seeing spider mites in multiple crops, with injury in a variety of cucurbits, mostly watermelon.

Spider mites love hot, dry weather, so it is about time for them. They tend to start out at field edges or by drive rows. Anywhere dust settles on the crop is a likely spot for the earliest infestations.

In watermelons, infestations tend to start in the crown and spread from there. You will see a fairly typical speckling of the leaf that most people associate with spider mites early in the infestation. This is often misinterpreted as a disease. Check for the mites on the bottom of the leaves to verify their presence.

In cantaloupe, the mites tend to be fairly evenly distributed across the foliage rather than starting in the crown. They also produce a yellow spotting (rather than speckling) (see attached picture).

For all mite infestations, verify by looking for the mites. They are usually on the bottoms of leaves.

For mite control there are multiple options in watermelon and cantaloupe. Agri-mek (and generics) has the advantage of strong translaminar movement so that product on the top of the leaf moves through the leaf and controls mites on the bottom of the leaf. A penetrating surfactant helps with this movement.

Most of the other acaracides are contact products. They are excellent acaracides, but you have to pay attention to how they are applied if you want good results.

For “rescue” type treatments your options include Agri-mek, Acramite, Portal, and Kanemite.

If you catch infestations early, other options include Zeal and Oberon. Zeal is a growth regulator, so it has no impact on adult mites (excellent activity on immatures). Oberon is also very good, but rather slow in its activity. If you check behind Oberon at 4 days, you may not be happy. Give it 5 to 7 days and it looks very good. Oberon also indicates it may take two applications. If you use the low rate, that likely increases the need for a second application. If you use the high rate (8.5 oz.) and don’t get in a hurry, one application is usually sufficient.

Buyers Guide

Doyle Equipment Manufacturing Co.
Doyle Equipment Manufacturing prides themselves as being “The King of the Rotary’s” with their Direct Drive Rotary Blend Systems. With numerous setup possibilities and sizes, ranging from a  more...
A.J. Sackett Sons & Company
Sackett Blend Towers feature the H.I.M, High Intensity Mixer, the next generation of blending and coating technology which supports Precision Fertilizer Blending®. Its unique design allows  more...
R&R Manufacturing Inc.
The R&R Minuteman Blend System is the original proven performer. Fast, precise blending with a compact foot print. Significantly lower horsepower requirement. Low inload height with large  more...
Junge Control Inc.
Junge Control Inc. creates state-of-the-art product blending and measuring solutions that allow you to totally maximize operating efficiency with amazing accuracy and repeatability, superior  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The flagship blending system for the Layco product line is the fully automated Layco DW System™. The advanced technology of the Layco DW (Declining Weight) system results in a blending  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The LAYCOTE™ Automated Coating System provides a new level of coating accuracy for a stand-alone coating system or for coating (impregnating) in an automated blending system. The unique  more...
John Deere
The DN345 Drawn Dry Spreader can carry more than 12 tons of fertilizer and 17.5 tons of lime. Designed to operate at field speeds up to 20 MPH with full loads and the G4 spreader uniformly  more...
Force Unlimited
The Pro-Force is a multi-purpose spreader with a wider apron and steeper sides. Our Pro-Force has the most aggressive 30” spinner on the market, and is capable of spreading higher rates of  more...
BBI Spreaders
MagnaSpread 2 & MagnaSpread 3 — With BBI’s patented multi-bin technology, these spreaders operate multiple hoppers guided by independent, variable-rate technology. These models are built on  more...

Comments (0) Leave a comment 

e-Mail (required)


characters left

Pacesetter Grain Hopper

The Pacesetter Gain Hopper features original and innovative ideas like the patented RollerTrap™, the industry’s easiest to open and maintain trap ... Read More

View all Products in this segment

View All Buyers Guides

Feedback Form
Feedback Form