Texas peanut growers have new varieties
The earlier maturity of Tamrun OL12 is expected to reduce the flavor problem, he said, adding tests by flavor panels have demonstrated reduced off-flavors in this variety compared to other varieties.
Schubert is a variety named after the late Mike Schubert, Ph.D., a longtime AgriLife Research plant physiologist in Lubbock. This variety offers increased yield potential, averaging 500 pounds per acre better than current Spanish varieties available, as well as grading approximately 2 percentage points higher, Burow said.
The Spanish-type peanuts are limited in markets and are typically grown in the West Texas region, primarily for the candy market, Baring said.
Webb, also in the breeder seed-increase stage, is the first high oleic nematode-resistant peanut released by the AgriLife Research program, Simpson said. It has moderate resistance to sclerotinia blight and can be grown across the state’s peanut regions. This variety was named after Mary Webb, a longtime executive officer of the Texas Peanut Producers Board.
Baring said he plans to have another line to release in the next year, and Burow expects to release the first high-oleic Valencia peanut next year and a high-oleic Virginia type in a couple of years. Simpson’s work currently revolves around transferring desirable genes from the wild peanut collection for improvement of cultivated varieties.
“It seems the producers’ biggest push now is drought tolerance, and while we are working hard on that, it is a long process to get varieties that address decreased water availability,” Baring said. “In the next few releases, our main focus will still be on disease resistance and increasing yields.”