Planting is progressing, despite all of the serious challenges
Corn planting was 28 percent complete, 32 days behind last year and 22 days behind normal. The northwest district increased 21 points and the east-central district increased 13 points last week. Corn emerged was 14 percent complete, 25 days behind last year and 15 days behind normal. Soybean planting was 1 percent complete. Winter wheat headed increased 24 points to 37 percent complete, 32 days behind last year and 8 days behind normal. Winter wheat condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 33 percent fair, 55 percent good, and 8 percent excellent. Topsoil moisture supply was 65 percent adequate and 35 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supply was 1 percent very short, 8 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 12 percent surplus. Spring tillage was 47 percent, compared to 91 percent last year, and the 5 year average (normal) of 68 percent.
Corn planting was most advanced in south central counties and least in northeastern areas where precipitation has been 25-50 percent above normal since April 1. Average temperatures were again below normal, with lows dipping below freezing in some areas. Soil temperatures as of Sunday were 55 degrees or higher throughout the state. Corn planted was 43 percent, well behind last year’s 89 and 10 days behind 77 average. Emerged was 2 percent, well behind last year’s 52 and 25 average. Soybeans planted was 7 percent, behind last year’s 56 and 33 average. Wheat conditions rated 14 percent very poor, 34 poor, 40 fair, 12 good, and 0 excellent. Wheat jointed was 34 percent, well behind last year’s 94 and 2 weeks behind 67 average. Statewide, topsoil moisture supplies rated 14 percent very short, 25 short, 59 adequate, and 2 surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies rated 40 percent very short, 42 short, 18 adequate, and 0 surplus.
According to reports, the warmer, drier weather allowed almost all producers across the state to either start preparing their fields for planting or make good progress in getting their crops in the ground. Statewide, on average, there were 5.5 days suitable for fieldwork. High winds have caused newly planted fields to dry quickly. Corn planting rated 18 percent complete, behind 79 percent last year and 43 percent average. Soybean planting rated 3 percent complete, behind last year at 45 percent and 14 percent average. Spring wheat seeding rated 26 percent complete, still behind last year at 92 percent and 53 percent average, but advanced 19 percentage points from last week. Emergence rated 1 percent, behind last year at 65 percent and 25 percent average. Topsoil moisture supplies rated 6 percent very short, 21 percent short, 65 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were 7 percent very short, 30 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 6 percent surplus.