Planting is progressing, despite all of the serious challenges
Fifteen percent of Iowa’s corn acreage has been planted compared with 86 percent at this time last year and the five-year average of 79 percent. This is the first year since 1993 that less than 20 percent of corn acres were planted by May 12th. Soybean planting was 1 percent compete, well behind last year’s 34 percent and the five-year average of 30 percent. This is the latest start to soybean planting since 1995. Topsoil moisture levels rated 1 percent very short, 4 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 27 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 4 percent very short, 20 percent short and 63 percent adequate and 13 percent surplus.
Corn planting was 31 percent complete, well behind 88 percent last year and 73 percent average. Five percent of the crop was emerged, well behind 60 percent last year and over 2 weeks behind 36 percent average. Soybean planting was 1 percent complete, behind the 37 percent last year and 18 percent average. The winter wheat crop was 80 percent jointed, behind 100 percent a year ago and 96 percent average. The crop was 9 percent headed, well behind 97 percent a year ago and 3 weeks behind 52 percent average. The condition rated 21 percent very poor, 20 percent poor, 31 percent fair, 25 percent good, and 3 percent excellent. After review of the crop following unusual weather in April, just under half of the crop had no freeze damage. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 14 percent very short, 18 percent short, 57 percent adequate, and 11 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 26 percent very short, 29 percent short, 42 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.
Five days were suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending May 12 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Warm, dry weather early in the week allowed for considerable planting progress to be made in southern Michigan. Corn planting went full bore until wet, cold weather stopped planters on Friday. 32 percent of corn is planted compared to 5 percent last week and 58 percent last year. 1 percent of corn is emerged. 13 percent of soybeans are planted, compared to 30 percent last year. Wheat and hay remain in very good condition. Winter wheat is rated 60 percent good to excellent and 29 percent fair. Topsoil and subsoil moisture are both about 75 percent adequate.
Minnesota farmers were finally able to make significant planting progress during the week ending May 12th. Corn is 18 percent planted, well behind both last year’s 86 percent and the average of 68 percent. 2 percent of soybeans are planted, compared to 40 percent at this time last year. Spring wheat is 19 percent planted, compared with 100 percent last year and the average of 65 percent. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 15 percent short, 70 percent adequate, and 14 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 9 percent very short, 30 percent short, 56 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.