Egypt sees wheat self-sufficiency for subsidy program by 2019
Abou Hadid said Mursi's plan was based on one devised in 2009 by local agricultural research centres but that his administration revived it without devising ways to achieve it.
Egypt is targeting state wheat imports of 5 million to 5.5 million tonnes in the year to June 30, 2014.
Since the start of the 2013-2014 fiscal year on July 1, the main state wheat buyer, the General Authority for Supply Commodities (GASC), has bought over 2 million tonnes of wheat mainly from Romania, Ukraine and Russia. It also purchased from France in its last international tender.
Straight-talking Abou Hadid, appointed in July, said the self-sufficiency plan was aimed at cushioning Egypt's food security against shrinkage in global wheat supplies and fluctuations in international grain prices.
"India and China are entering the global (wheat) market ... If this continues, the 25 million tonnes available in the global market will no longer be available," he said.
"This will either raise prices beyond our ability to buy or else we will not find quantities to buy. India and China are closer in proximity to the Black Sea Region. It's easier and closer for countries like Russia to supply them."
Abou Hadid said wheat in Egypt is grown across 3 million feddans of land annually, producing around 2.7 tonnes per feddan - a total of 8.1 million tonnes.
GASC procures around 3.6 million tonnes of wheat annually from farmers.
The state cannot procure the entire amount in one harvest season partly because of shortage in storage capacity. Farmers also keep some of the crop for their own consumption, to use as livestock feed or sometimes stockpiling for cash later.
Egypt is targeting an increase in productivity per feddan to 3-3.2 tonnes through improved wheat strains, Abou Hadid said.
"Then we can reach in this case 9.6 million tonnes," he said.
Abou Hadid said he expected local production to remain at around 8.1-8.3 million tonnes in the 2014 and 2015 harvest seasons. He said the state can get around 3.6-3.7 tonnes from farmers in 2014 and can get 5 million tonnes in 2015.
"What we will buy will depend on our storage capacity. We will not give false numbers just to tell people we will do things that will not happen," he said.
Abou Hadid said illegal construction of buildings on precious fertile soil in the desert nation was a major obstacle facing the wheat sector. Some 45,000 feddans of land have been encroached upon by villagers since the uprising that ousted former president Hosni Mubarak in February 2011, he said.
"Around 1.6 million tonnes of wheat is lost annually. Four billion Egyptian pounds ($580.75 million) are lost annually due to the lack of appropriate storage facilities."
Abou Hadid added that at least 20 percent of the total grain produced locally was wasted due to storage problems. ($1 = 6.8876 Egyptian pounds)
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