Dry soils dominate crop progress reports
In Michigan, little rain and warmer than normal temperatures began to stress crops in southern Michigan. Showers were more prevalent in northern Michigan and provided needed moisture there. Corn is rated 9% poor, 24% fair, 50% good and 14% excellent. Soybeans are rated 10% poor, 27% fair, 53% good and 6% excellent. The topsoil has 26% in the very short category, 39% short and 35% adequate. Some late planted soybeans in southern Michigan have not yet emerged due to lack of moisture.
In Minnesota, topsoil moisture supplies improved over the previous week as widespread rains moved across the state. Topsoil moisture is rated 1% very short, 7% short, 75% adequate and 17% surplus. Corn condition was rated 82% good to excellent and soybeans were rated 86% fair to good.
In Missouri, topsoil moisture improved but remains low at 39 percent very short, 43 percent short, 17 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Corn condition was 6 percent very poor, 15 percent poor, 39 percent fair, 36 percent good, and 4 percent excellent. Soybean condition was 6 percent very poor, 23 percent poor, 42 percent fair, 26 percent good, and 3 percent excellent.
In Nebraska, above normal temperatures coupled with little or no precipitation across northern and western areas continued to stress crops and pastures. Topsoil is rated 17% very short, 46% short and 36% adequate. Corn conditions rated 7 percent poor, 31 fair, 55 good, and 7 excellent, below last year’s 75 percent good to excellent and 78 average. Soybean conditions rated 8 percent poor, 31 fair, 55 good, and 6 excellent, below last year’s 77 percent good to excellent and 78 average.
In North Dakota, Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 2% very short, 13% short, 76% adequate, and 9% surplus. Corn was rated 13% fair, 75% good and 9% excellent. Soybeans were rated 2% poor 11% fair, 76% good and 11% excellent.
In Ohio, topsoil moisture was rated 31 percent very short, 46 percent short, 22 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. The heat also hampered growth of corn, soybeans, and hay. Soybean emergence has been slow due to dry weather. Reporters commented that some areas have become too dry to replant soybeans or double crop soybeans. Corn is rate 9% poor, 26% fair, 42% good, and 11% excellent. Soybeans are rated 11% poor, 45% fair, 34% good, and 6% excellent.
In South Dakota, precipitation was limited and below average for most of the state. Severe storms produced many hail reports and some crop damage in various areas of the state. Reports of drying conditions continue across the state. More than half the stations are below average for the growing season. This situation is made worse by the overall warm conditions throughout the spring and summer which removed more water from the surface by evaporation or transpiration through crops. Topsoil moisture was rated at 50 percent in adequate to surplus, 44 percent short and 6 percent very short. Corn is rated 4% poor, 20% fair, 59% good and 17% excellent. Soybeans are rated 1% poor, 23% fair, 64% good, and 12% excellent.
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