Corn, soybean, and wheat acreage trends surprising

decrease font size  Resize text   increase font size       Printer-friendly version of this article Printer-friendly version of this article

Let’s begin with a quiz about the Corn Belt. Which state is increasing its corn acreage the most rapidly? Next question.  Is the heart of the Corn Belt increasing or decreasing in soybean acreage?  And finally, what is the acreage trend for wheat in the western Corn Belt?  For extra credit on this pop quiz, what is behind all of the dynamics described by your answers?

The answers to those questions may be quite surprising if you don’t already know about the trends in Corn Belt acreage.  The recent USDA Projected Plantings report indicated the trends would continue, for the most part.

However, University of Illinois ag economist Gary Schnitkey paints a surprising picture of acreage dynamics in Corn Belt states which has been driven by high prices of corn.  And that does not mean corn acreage is increasing in traditional areas.  However, the price of corn rose in 2006 along with other commodities and over the period from 2006 to 2012, Schnitkey says some very significant trends occurred.  In that period, corn acres increased by 24 percent, soybean acres increased by 2 percent and wheat acres decreased by 4 percent.

Corn

Corn acreage generally increased across the Corn Belt, and any counties with a decrease in corn acreage reported on minimal changes. The majority of counties reporting an increase indicated between 5,000 and 30,000 additional acres. About 10 percent of the counties with increased acreage reported increases up to 60,000 additional acres.  But that does not reflect the increase in corn acreage in North and South Dakota, which has increased at an exponential rate, of 60,000 acres and more per county.

Acreage

Soybeans

The 2 percent increase in Corn Belt soybean acreage from 2006 to 2012 is a rather misleading fact.  There were areas of substantial increases, but most of the heart of the Corn Belt from Ohio across to Iowa and up to Wisconsin and Minnesota reports a loss of acreage of up to 60,000 acres per county .  There were many farmers in the region that opted out of soybeans, while farmers in the Dakotas again ramped up their rate of soybean planting. That trend of increased soybean acreage continued southward through Nebraska and Kansas cutting through the heart of wheat country.

Acreage

Wheat

Wheat was being displaced across the Great Plains, in part by corn.  The regions of North and South Dakota where corn acreage increased at the more rapid rates, displayed a correlating trend of fewer wheat acres.  Many counties indicated losses of 60,000 acres or more.  Wheat acreage did find resurgence in southwestern Kansas and in northern Montana.  Traditional wheat growing areas of Washington reported a wide variety of acreage trends.

Acreage

Summary:

Corn production is occurring in non-traditional areas.  To make way, soybean and wheat acres have declined, except more soybeans are being raised in the Dakotas.  Traditional wheat areas are declining, except more wheat is being raised in Montana.

Source: FarmGate blog


Buyers Guide

Doyle Equipment Manufacturing Co.
Doyle Equipment Manufacturing prides themselves as being “The King of the Rotary’s” with their Direct Drive Rotary Blend Systems. With numerous setup possibilities and sizes, ranging from a  more...
A.J. Sackett Sons & Company
Sackett Blend Towers feature the H.I.M, High Intensity Mixer, the next generation of blending and coating technology which supports Precision Fertilizer Blending®. Its unique design allows  more...
R&R Manufacturing Inc.
The R&R Minuteman Blend System is the original proven performer. Fast, precise blending with a compact foot print. Significantly lower horsepower requirement. Low inload height with large  more...
Junge Control Inc.
Junge Control Inc. creates state-of-the-art product blending and measuring solutions that allow you to totally maximize operating efficiency with amazing accuracy and repeatability, superior  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The flagship blending system for the Layco product line is the fully automated Layco DW System™. The advanced technology of the Layco DW (Declining Weight) system results in a blending  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The LAYCOTE™ Automated Coating System provides a new level of coating accuracy for a stand-alone coating system or for coating (impregnating) in an automated blending system. The unique  more...
John Deere
The DN345 Drawn Dry Spreader can carry more than 12 tons of fertilizer and 17.5 tons of lime. Designed to operate at field speeds up to 20 MPH with full loads and the G4 spreader uniformly  more...
Force Unlimited
The Pro-Force is a multi-purpose spreader with a wider apron and steeper sides. Our Pro-Force has the most aggressive 30” spinner on the market, and is capable of spreading higher rates of  more...
BBI Spreaders
MagnaSpread 2 & MagnaSpread 3 — With BBI’s patented multi-bin technology, these spreaders operate multiple hoppers guided by independent, variable-rate technology. These models are built on  more...


Comments (0) Leave a comment 

Name
e-Mail (required)
Location

Comment:

characters left


Ports and River Receiving Systems

Material handling equipment for deep-water seaports and river terminals requires special design and construction to optimize speed, reliability and ensure ... Read More

View all Products in this segment

View All Buyers Guides

Feedback Form
Feedback Form