Corn Belt crop conditions decline along with topsoil moisture
In North Dakota dry conditions and excessive heat caused most crop conditions to decline last week. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 20 percent very short, 53 percent short, 26 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 13 percent very short, 44 short, 41 percent adequate, and 2 percent surplus. Maturity of most crops was accelerated due to the abundance of heat, and all small grain crops were ahead of their respective averages in stages of development. Eleven percent of corn was rated poor to very poor with 58 percent in good to excellent condition. 9 percent of beans were rated poor to very poor and 59 percent were good to excellent.
Ohio farmers have been getting more rain and precipitation averaged more than an inch across the state in the past week. USDA says, “ Conditions throughout the state remain hot and dry. The heat and dry weather during the last number of weeks has continued to put significant stress on both crops and livestock. There has been more rain this week, some areas throughout the state report 1-2 partial days of rain; however topsoil moisture is still far below normal conditions.” Corn is rated 52 percent poor to very poor and 25 percent in good to excellent condition. Soybeans are rated 44 percent poor to very poor and only 20 percent good to excellent. Topsoil is still rated 90 percent short to very short, a slight improvement from the prior week.
Scattered showers were recorded in South Dakota but more was still needed to give row crops relief from the heat. Small grain harvest was able to advance with the dry conditions. Topsoil moisture was rated at 13 percent adequate, 35 percent short and 52 percent very short. Subsoil moisture was rated at 14 percent adequate, 35 percent short and 51 percent very short. Corn is rated35 percent poor to very poor, with 31 percent in the good to excellent category. 24 percent of soybeans are rated poor to very poor and 34 percent are rated good to excellent.
Minimal showers have done little to provide relief to a hot and dry Corn Belt. Crop rating all continued to decline along with moisture content in the topsoil and subsoil.
Source: FarmGate blog