Cold slows corn emergence, wet fields slow planting

decrease font size  Resize text   increase font size       Printer-friendly version of this article Printer-friendly version of this article

LITTLE ROCK – Wet fields have slowed planting statewide and cold weather is putting the brakes on corn emergence, county extension agents with the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture said.

The season’s first crop progress report, issued Monday, showed Arkansas growers had 22 percent of the state’s corn crop planted, compared with 56 percent during last year’s early warmup, and the 32 percent five-year average. Three percent of the crop has emerged. Most of what’s been planted is south of I-40.

In Lincoln County, some of the corn has been in the ground for two weeks and “nothing has emerged yet,” said Chad Norton, county staff chair for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. Growers will be watching their rows closely for signs the cold seed is still viable.

“We dug some up this week and it’s still alive, I believe that it will eventually emerge but will have used up a great deal of energy in doing so,” he said. “Corn is pretty tough as far as being able to take a lot of seedling stress, however, there is a limit and any further stress, rain or cold temps, could cause some stand failures.”

Norton said that once the weather turns drier and warmer, producers will evaluate the crop.

“We still have time to get the crop planted in a timely window, no one is panicking yet,” he said.

How does a farmer decide on whether to replant or stay the course?

“It depends,” Stan Baker, Lee County extension staff chair for the University of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture, said on Tuesday. Farmers trying to decide “whether to replant a stand that is a little thin or live with it, is a question of timing. Many farmers cover large acres and they have to prepare and plant a lot of acres in a short period of time.”

As farmers get deeper into the planting season, the time pressure increases.

“What was so nice about last year is they were able to get so much done in March,” Baker said. “This year they are faced with trying to plant not only corn in April but also rice, grain sorghum, cotton, and even soybeans.”

For farmers, the decision-making path looks something like this:

  • Has the seed emerged? If not, is it still healthy underground?
  • Once all the healthy seeds germinate and emerge, are there enough to make an adequate stand?
  • How much is enough to make an adequate stand? 
  • Is the crop booked?
  • If replanting is needed, is there seed available?

“Every situation is different, and sometimes there is no clear answer,” Baker said. “That’s farming. Not boring, for sure.”

Winter wheat was 59 percent in good or excellent condition, with 32 percent fair and 9 percent poor or very poor.

No other crops were included in the report for the week ending March 31.


Buyers Guide

Doyle Equipment Manufacturing Co.
Doyle Equipment Manufacturing prides themselves as being “The King of the Rotary’s” with their Direct Drive Rotary Blend Systems. With numerous setup possibilities and sizes, ranging from a  more...
A.J. Sackett Sons & Company
Sackett Blend Towers feature the H.I.M, High Intensity Mixer, the next generation of blending and coating technology which supports Precision Fertilizer Blending®. Its unique design allows  more...
R&R Manufacturing Inc.
The R&R Minuteman Blend System is the original proven performer. Fast, precise blending with a compact foot print. Significantly lower horsepower requirement. Low inload height with large  more...
Junge Control Inc.
Junge Control Inc. creates state-of-the-art product blending and measuring solutions that allow you to totally maximize operating efficiency with amazing accuracy and repeatability, superior  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The flagship blending system for the Layco product line is the fully automated Layco DW System™. The advanced technology of the Layco DW (Declining Weight) system results in a blending  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The LAYCOTE™ Automated Coating System provides a new level of coating accuracy for a stand-alone coating system or for coating (impregnating) in an automated blending system. The unique  more...
John Deere
The DN345 Drawn Dry Spreader can carry more than 12 tons of fertilizer and 17.5 tons of lime. Designed to operate at field speeds up to 20 MPH with full loads and the G4 spreader uniformly  more...
Force Unlimited
The Pro-Force is a multi-purpose spreader with a wider apron and steeper sides. Our Pro-Force has the most aggressive 30” spinner on the market, and is capable of spreading higher rates of  more...
BBI Spreaders
MagnaSpread 2 & MagnaSpread 3 — With BBI’s patented multi-bin technology, these spreaders operate multiple hoppers guided by independent, variable-rate technology. These models are built on  more...


Comments (0) Leave a comment 

Name
e-Mail (required)
Location

Comment:

characters left


Smooth Wall Grain Bins

Meridian’s SmoothWall bins are the ultimate storage bins, used to handle and store fertilizer, grain, feed and seed, and extend ... Read More

View all Products in this segment

View All Buyers Guides

Feedback Form
Feedback Form