China's grain output rises for 10th consecutive year
In the year 2013, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council issued a package of pro-agriculture and pro-farmer policies, and agricultural authorities at all levels intensified efforts to reach the “Two Economic,Two Safety and Two Continuous Increase” Goals (more than 500 million tons in grain output and more than 7% in growth of farmers’ income; no major epizootics and no major quality & safety issues for farm produce; and to increase percentage contribution of science and technology to agricultural growth and to increase efficiency of agricultural resource utilization continuously). As a result, China overcame various adversities like low temperature and heavy floods in Northeast China, severe droughts in southeastern and northwestern regions as well as several hits of powerful typhoon, and achieved another bumper year for grain production upon its previous high record. Detailed information is elaborated as follows:
First, grain production achieved 10 consecutive years of growth. In 2013, the output of summer grain, early rice and autumn grain increased by 1.955 billion kilograms,785,000 kilograms and 9.6 billion kilograms respectively over last year, and the total grain output registered 601.935 billion kilogram, increasing by 12.355 billion kilogram. It is the first time the country achieved 10 consecutive years of rising grain harvests since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Second, cash crop production remained stable. It is estimated that the output of oil-bearing crops will increase by 2.2% for the whole year. Cotton and sugar crop production dropped slightly due to planting acreage decline, and vegetable production kept stable,achieving balanced supply-and-demand in the market. Third, crop products presented higher quality. At present, there are 33 highly-toxic pesticides banned for use, while highly toxic pesticides in major vegetable production counties are exclusively marketed by officially designated business outlets. According to the results of regular surveillance, the pass rates of vegetable and fruit both maintained as high as 97% or above.
Experience and good practices contributing to this year's achievement can be summarized as follows:
Supportive policies. The central government continued to reinforce the implementation of pro-agriculture and pro-farmer policies, allocated earmarked fund for the "Four Subsidies"(direct subsidies for grain farming; general subsidies for agricultural production inputs; subsidies for growing improved plant varieties; and subsidies for purchase of agricultural machinery and tools)in the very beginning of the year, and raised the floor prices for rice and wheat. For the first time, the government issued the temporary state purchase and storage policy for corn in advance and raised its purchase price. In particular, the central government spent nearly 4 billion yuan to extend and apply key technologies for disaster reduction/prevention and yield boosting, such as spraying foliage pesticide and fertilizer mixtures to prevent diseases, pests, premature senescence and dry-hot wind in wheat production. On the other hand, agricultural authorities at all levels strengthened their efforts in advocating and implementing those supportive policies, in order to mitigate adverse climate impacts while motivate farmers to engage in grain production at the meantime.
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