China vows self-sufficiency in grain production

decrease font size  Resize text   increase font size       Printer-friendly version of this article Printer-friendly version of this article

China seeks self-reliance in staple production, including wheat and rice, following growth in domestic grain output over the past decade, a senior agricultural official said Wednesday.

Currently, more than 97 percent of key grain supplies, including rice and wheat, come from domestic crops, said Chen Xiwen, deputy director of the central agricultural work leading team, a top decision-making body for agriculture-related work.

"The amount of grains China imports is not heavy," Chen said, when comparing imports with domestic grain output.

Official data on grain imports in 2013, including rice, wheat and corn, have not been released, but Chen predicted a moderate increase to roughly 15 million tonnes, up from 13.98 million tonnes in 2012.

Government data showed the nation's grain output hit a record high of 601.94 million tonnes in 2013, up 2.1 percent year on year. Around 90 percent of the grain output, or 541.75 million tonnes, was rice, wheat and corn, he said.

"On simple calculation, China's grain imports were less than 2.7 percent of its output," Chen said at a press conference in Beijing.

China's grain imports do not suggest lack of domestic supply, but rather the need for diversified grain varieties, he said. Meanwhile, the imports are partly due to more competitive rice prices in recent years from Southeast Asia due to production increases, according to Chen.

Chen said that currently soy beans account for the majority of Chinese grain imports, and predicted increases in corn imports to be used as feed and industrial materials.

Meanwhile, the wider use of machinery for farm work has greatly helped lift productivity. Chen said that 59 percent of farm work, including plowing, seeding and reaping, was done by machines in 2013, even though China's high-power machinery still comes from abroad.

Shadow on Production

Chinese top authorities on Sunday vowed the nation will make more efforts to ensure "absolute" security of staples and maintain grain self-sufficiency. However, the country faces challenges in meeting the target.

Despite consecutive bumper harvests, China's grain production is afflicted by strained supplies of farmland and water resources.

China's per capita arable land is only around half the world's average, and overuse of aquifers has been draining the country's underground water resources quickly, said Tang Renjian, also a deputy director of the central agricultural work leading team.

Tang said that soil contamination due to excessive use of fertilizers, farm chemicals and mulch film also weighs negatively on production. He said that China uses around 58 million tonnes of fertilizer, 1.8 million tonnes of pesticides and 2.4 million tonnes of mulch film per year.

Solutions to the problem include rearranging crop growth in some heavily polluted regions, converting overexploited farmland to forest, and more fiscal investment to mitigate negative impacts, Tang said.

"How to transform agricultural development and make it sustainable has become a pressing issue for China," Chen said.

A policy document issued on Sunday by China's top authorities is designed to address the challenges.

It said that China will enhance its national food security, deepen reforms and improve rural governance, and step up financial support and protection for agriculture.

The document, the 11th of its kind since 2004, detailed a raft of measures and reforms related to the "three rural issues" -- agriculture, rural areas and farmers. It aims for greater achievements in agricultural modernization and progress in building the "new countryside."


Prev 1 2 Next All



Buyers Guide

Doyle Equipment Manufacturing Co.
Doyle Equipment Manufacturing prides themselves as being “The King of the Rotary’s” with their Direct Drive Rotary Blend Systems. With numerous setup possibilities and sizes, ranging from a  more...
A.J. Sackett Sons & Company
Sackett Blend Towers feature the H.I.M, High Intensity Mixer, the next generation of blending and coating technology which supports Precision Fertilizer Blending®. Its unique design allows  more...
R&R Manufacturing Inc.
The R&R Minuteman Blend System is the original proven performer. Fast, precise blending with a compact foot print. Significantly lower horsepower requirement. Low inload height with large  more...
Junge Control Inc.
Junge Control Inc. creates state-of-the-art product blending and measuring solutions that allow you to totally maximize operating efficiency with amazing accuracy and repeatability, superior  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The flagship blending system for the Layco product line is the fully automated Layco DW System™. The advanced technology of the Layco DW (Declining Weight) system results in a blending  more...
Yargus Manufacturing
The LAYCOTE™ Automated Coating System provides a new level of coating accuracy for a stand-alone coating system or for coating (impregnating) in an automated blending system. The unique  more...
John Deere
The DN345 Drawn Dry Spreader can carry more than 12 tons of fertilizer and 17.5 tons of lime. Designed to operate at field speeds up to 20 MPH with full loads and the G4 spreader uniformly  more...
Force Unlimited
The Pro-Force is a multi-purpose spreader with a wider apron and steeper sides. Our Pro-Force has the most aggressive 30” spinner on the market, and is capable of spreading higher rates of  more...
BBI Spreaders
MagnaSpread 2 & MagnaSpread 3 — With BBI’s patented multi-bin technology, these spreaders operate multiple hoppers guided by independent, variable-rate technology. These models are built on  more...


Comments (0) Leave a comment 

Name
e-Mail (required)
Location

Comment:

characters left


1325 Bushel Grain Cart

Equipped with a 22” computer balanced auger with 5/16” flighting,the unloading speed is 50% faster than smaller grain carts with ... Read More

View all Products in this segment

View All Buyers Guides

Feedback Form
Feedback Form