China to speed up rural land reform, ensure food supply
Farmers in China do not directly own most of their fields. Instead, most rural land is owned collectively by a village, and farmers get leases that last for decades.
In theory, the villagers can collectively decide whether to apply to sell off or develop land. In practice, however, local governments usually decide land sales and get the bulk of revenues.
Chinese academics have long called for land system reforms to permit direct land transfers by farmers.
Food security has long been a preoccupation of the ruling Communist Party, but imports last year accounted for about 12 percent of total food supplies and senior officials have already ruled out self-sufficiency as an option.
But the government has remained reluctant to endorse large-scale imports, and the government is also expected to promise to better regulate trade.
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