China rejects U.S. corn cargo due to unapproved GMO variety
China, one of the world's largest corn importers, has rejected a cargo of the grain from the United States as it contained a genetically modified variety that has not been approved by Beijing, traders said.
The discovery of Syngenta AG's Agrisure Viptera corn in the shipment dragged on global prices and unnerved some Chinese buyers as it raised the spectre of other rejections.
But most traders said these were unlikely and that the move would not have much long-term impact on flows of grain to China from the U.S. They said the strain, also known as MIR 162, is set to be approved by China soon and is already shipped to destinations such as top corn importer Japan, the European Union and Mexico.
"It's confirmed. It's one cargo and MIR 162 was the problem," said one source, who asked not to be identified.
The GMO discovery comes at a time of soaring U.S. corn imports by China as Beijing grapples with record-high domestic corn prices and rising demand for food.
"It is a minor hiccup in what will otherwise be a smooth import process. They need our corn, they've got the orders already placed. We don't think this is the start of some long-term major disruption," said Rich Nelson, chief strategist with Allendale Inc, an Illinois-based research and analytical firm.
Even so, the news weighed on Chicago Board of Trade corn futures, with December corn hitting a three-year low.
Traders in China said the cargo of between 55,000 and 60,000 tonnes has already been unloaded at the port of Shekou in the southern province of Guangdong. The buyer was a state-owned trading house and the shipment may have to be re-loaded for transport to Japan or South Korea, they said.
The local quarantine authority rejected the shipment after finding the unapproved GMO strain in samples, traders said. Shenzhen's quarantine bureau, which refused a U.S. corn cargo in 2010 after finding traces of unapproved GMO, declined to make immediate comment.
"We think it is an individual case. Not only corn, quarantine authorities have stepped up testing of fishmeal and wheat cargoes," said Li Qiang, chief analyst with influential private consultant firm, Shanghai JC Intelligence Co. Ltd. (JCI).
But a few feed mills were fretting that the move could presage a possible shift in government attitude towards curbing imports.
"We are worried. At this stage, we have to wait and see before making any judgement whether the government is sending a signal to the market that it does not want more imports or whether this is simply a quarantine issue," said one trading manager with a large animal feed mill in Guangdong.