Challenges exist to winter wheat, timely spring planting
Heavy rain showers arrived mid week which left soils too muddy for field work across most of the state. Less than one percent of the intended corn acreage has been planted at this time compared with 21 percent last year and 6 percent for the 5-year average. A few scattered fields of soybeans have been reported to be planted. 81 percent of the winter wheat is fair to good, with only 4 percent jointed. Topsoil moisture is 62 percent adequate and 34 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is 72 percent adequate and 15 percent surplus.
For the week ending April 14, 2013, central and eastern areas of Kansas saw precipitation in the form of rain, ice, snow and isolated hail. Topsoil moisture conditions improved in areas that received the moisture; however, more is needed to have an impact on subsoil moisture supplies. Temperatures for the week were below normal with lows falling below freezing in the western half of the State. Producers were concerned about the impact of the low temperatures on their wheat crop but it is too early to determine the amount of damage. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 15 percent very short, 25 percent short, 55 percent adequate, and 5 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 36 percent very short, 37 percent short, 26 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus.
One day was suitable for field work in Michigan during the week ending April 14 according to the USDA, NASS, Great Lakes Region. Heavy precipitation in the form of rain or snow fell everyday last week. Snowfall accumulation totals in the northern reaches of the state ranged from 6 to 12 inches. Very little field work occurred. Water ponded in low areas of fields. Soil temperatures remained cold. Wheat in the southern part of the State has broken dormancy and began to green. Wheat in the northern part of the State remains dormant. Topsoil moisture is 29 percent adequate and 71 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture is 45 percent adequate and 45 percent surplus.
A noteworthy storm brought widespread heavy snow, rain and ice late in the week. High winds caused tree damage and power outages in southwest Minnesota. The snow covered fields in the northern parts are not showing signs of significant melting. This continues to worry farmers about the potential of flooding from rapid snow melt. The consistent rain and snow provided much needed topsoil moisture relief where the soil would allow for absorption. For the week ending April 14, 2013, only 0.1 days were rated suitable for fieldwork statewide, compared with last year’s 5.0. Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 5 percent very short, 17 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 17 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 23 percent very short, 43 percent short, 31 percent adequate, and 3 percent surplus.
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