Brazil established as a leader in adoption of biotechnology
In 2012, the fourth consecutive year, the Brazilian agriculture was the most boosted global growth of the area planted with GM varieties (GM), with a 21% increase compared to 2011, reaching a record of 36.6 million hectares, an increase of over 6.3 million. No other country has achieved such growth, which contributes to performance that Brazil is recognized as a global leader in the adoption of biotechnology.
The data was released on Wednesday (20) in the latest report of the International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications (ISAAA). The varieties grown in the country are soy, corn and cotton. The survey also indicates the record of world production, 170.3 million hectares in 2012, representing a growth rate of 6%, or 10.3 million hectares more than 160 million registered in 2011. Compared with the year 1996, the total planted in 2012 represents a magnification of 100 times the acreage. This makes the technology of transgenic fastest adopted crop in the history of modern agriculture because of its economic, social and agronomic. Brazil ranks second in the ranking of area planted with transgenics, behind only the United States, although the difference between the two countries will gradually diminishing over the years.
# Country Area 2012 * 2011 * Area Area 2010 * GM crops planted
1 U.S. 69.5 69 66.8 Soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, squash, papaya, alfalfa and beet
2 Brazil 36.6 30.3 25.4 Soybeans, corn, cotton
3 Argentina 23.9 23.7 22 9 Soybeans, corn and cotton
4 Canada 11.6 10.4 8.8 Canola, corn, soybeans and sugar beets
5 India 10.8 10.6 9.4 Cotton
6 China 4.0 3.9 3.5 Cotton, papaya , poplar, tomato, green pepper
* million hectares
Among the aspects that contribute to the good performance of the country with regard to the adoption of the technology is stable and rigorous regulatory system, the seeds adapted to different realities and Brazilian investment in research. Notably, Embrapa developed a bean genetically modified (GM) virus that is resistant to the first event totally agronomic biotechnology developed by a public research institution.
ISAAA Another highlight of this year's survey is the dominance of developing countries as drivers of adoption biotechnology. Of the 28 countries planted biotech crops last year, 20 are developing countries. With this performance, the first time, developing countries, led by Brazil, Argentina, India, China and South Africa, planted more than half of the area planted to these varieties (52%).