2014 Global Food Security Index shows big improvements
DuPont and the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) released the 2014 Global Food Security Index that showed 70 percent of countries in the study increased their food security scores over the previous year. The 2014 Index measures 109 countries against 28 food security indicators that monitor the ongoing impact of agriculture investments, collaborations and policies around the world. The Index also examines how two new factors, obesity and food loss, affect access to safe, nutritious and affordable food.
“The Index provides a common set of metrics that enable us to track progress in food security globally, and the outcomes thus far are promising,” said Craig F. Binetti, president of DuPont Nutrition & Health. “But we know it will take continued collaboration, innovation and investment in agriculture, food and nutrition to overcome the vast challenges to feeding the world’s growing population.”
Food security represents a growing global challenge, as the world’s population increases by more than 75 million people each year, reaching more than 9 billion by 2050. Food prices will pose major obstacles to accessibility to food, as billions in the developing world already spend half to three-quarters of their income on food. Increasing shortages of water and arable land, especially in developing nations, will present additional challenges to food security.
This year, the Index demonstrated that every region improved from the prior year, but the most progress was seen among Sub-Saharan Africa countries, driven primarily by improvements in political stability and economic growth, despite the food-insecure environment. Scores in Central and South America and Asia Pacific were hurt by reduced diet diversification and decreased public expenditure on agricultural research and development. Even with the overall progress, the Index indicates that several developing nations continue to deal with inadequate infrastructure, political risk and food price inflation, while developed nations struggle with adapting to urbanization and the growing prevalence of obesity.
Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) were added to the Index this year. Both countries earned excellent to moderate scores in all indicators except for public expenditure on agricultural R&D and, for the UAE, volatility of agricultural production, which were weaknesses.
The addition of obesity as a background variable in the Index reflects its impact across developed and developing countries. In developing countries such as Syria, Mexico and Jordan, nearly one-third of the population is obese, comparable to rates in the United States.